Qatargas' approach to environmental management is closely aligned with the goals of Qatar National Vision (QNV) 2030, which envisions preserving the environment for future generations. The Company strongly believes in implementing state-of-the-art solutions to further reduce environmental impact across the LNG value chain while maintaining robust performance. Along with meeting regulatory requirements, Qatargas actively focuses on flare reduction, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, air quality, waste and wastewater management. Besides managing its own performance, Qatargas has taken steps to help raise conservation awareness in the community too.
For now and well into the future, Qatargas will continue to seek increased energy efficiency across its facilities, for continual improvement, for a better tomorrow. We are proud to play our part in preserving the environment, for future generations to come.
The JBOG Recovery facility, which commenced operations in the fourth quarter of 2014, is the largest environmental project of its kind in Qatar, with an investment of approximately USD1 billion. This facility collects boil-off gas from LNG ships and compresses it at a central facility. The compressed gas is then sent to LNG producers to be consumed as fuel, or converted into LNG. Flaring due to JBOG operations has been reduced by more than 90%, relative to the flaring baseline of 2012. In terms of reducing emissions of GHGs, the JBOG facility offsets more than 2.5 million tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) per annum. In total, the facility saves 29 billion standard cubic feet of gas per year through flaring reduction which is enough to power more than 300,000 homes.
Qatargas has developed a pioneering GHG management strategy, which is divided into three phases:
Phase 1 involved:
Phase 2 involved:
Qatargas has established sustainable waste management and waste reduction as key corporate objectives in line with QNV 2030. The rapid expansion of Qatargas' operating facilities has resulted in an increase in overall waste generation rates, including hazardous waste streams.
Qatargas' journey toward sustainable waste management underwent significant changes, commencing with the formation of an effective inter-disciplinary Waste Management Team (WMT) in 2014, improvement of onsite waste management practices and procedures, and the establishment of sustainable recycling and disposal pathways for our key waste streams. Qatargas is investing in upgrading its existing waste management facilities to expand our capacity for safe and sound handling, segregation, and storage of various types of waste generated by the Company.
Qatargas' goals are aligned with those of the Ministry of Municipality and Environment (MME) in minimising wastewater discharge and maximising the efficient use of water.
The Company has invested in a comprehensive Wastewater Reduction and Reuse (WRR) programme to achieve three key objectives in accordance with MME's goals. WRR's first objective is to reduce wastewater injection into deep well formations. The second objective is to recycle water using advanced technologies – effectively treating wastewater for further use, thereby reducing intake of desalinated water for industrial operations. Thirdly, to reuse suitable streams of treated water for irrigation. The conceptual approach to treatment uses membrane bio-reactor (MBR) and reverse osmosis (RO) technology. By upgrading our wastewater systems to tertiary systems across our plant operations, Qatargas will be able to reuse 65 - 70 percent of its wastewater discharge as polished water for utilities reuse. The reject water obtained post RO has various disposal pathways such as discharged to deep well injections, sent to the Ras Laffan Industrial City (RLIC) common cooling water channel, or used to meet irrigation needs. Wastewater treatment projects are in progress and expected to be completed between 2017 and 2021 in a phased manner.
Qatargas recognises the importance of reducing Volatile Organic Carbons (VOCs) in the atmosphere, and has established a robust Leak Detection and Repair (LDAR) programme at the LNG trains, Laffan Refinery, and tank farm facilities. The LDAR programme provides surveillance for VOC components, leading to necessary repairs in identified VOC leakage sources. Improved LDAR monitoring and repair operations led to a substantial reduction in VOC emissions.
Qatargas' Flare Management approach minimises flaring while providing operational flexibility and safeguarding asset integrity and process safety.
It comprises of three main pillars:
Enhanced tracking, monitoring and reporting.
Operational source reduction.
Flare reduction capital projects.
Between 2011 and 2016, more than 70% reduction has been achieved in flaring from on-plot LNG facilities.
Jetty Boil-off Gas (JBOG) Recovery facility helps reduce more than 90% flaring from LNG loading operations.
Qatargas is a proud winner of the 2012 World Bank Global Gas Flaring Reduction (GGFR) “Excellence in Flaring Reduction" Award GGFR.