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The State of Qatar occupies a peninsula that extends approximately 160 kilometres north into the Arabian Gulf. The harsh beauty of the country's desert interior stands in dramatic contrast to its shimmering coastline, the modern architecture of the capital Doha, and the complex geometry of Qatar's oil and natural gas processing plants.
The State of Qatar has experienced extraordinary change in recent times. While for years the country relied on pearl-diving and fishing revenues, the discovery of oil in the mid-20th century ignited a boom that continues to this very day.
In 1985, Qatar's North Field was confirmed as one of the largest non-associated natural gas fields in the world, with recoverable reserves of more than 900 trillion standard cubic feet, or around 10% of the global total.
Following the strategy of Qatar Petroleum, the national company responsible for Qatar's oil and gas industry, the State has built 14 liquefied natural gas (LNG) processing trains.
In 2010, Qatar achieved a long-planned target: national production capacity of 77 million tonnes per annum (mtpa) of LNG, representing about a third of the projected global market.
Under the leadership of His Highness Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, Emir of the State of Qatar, Qatar is working towards the stewardship of its natural resources and the development of a knowledge-based society, targeting sustainable growth that balances today's needs with those of future generations.
Part of Qatar's sustainable growth will come from actively diversifying its industrial and commercial base, while the country continues to invest in infrastructure, education, a world-class health system, and the creation and enhancement of cultural and art institutions.